Copyright Elizabeth Blakesley Lindsay, 2001


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 A Guide to Research: Willa Cather (1873-1947)

Advanced researchers may find this guide most helpful, but scholars at many levels may find particular sections useful.

In addition to a listing of primary works, this guide offers citations for secondary sources including critical essays and comparative studies, bibliographies, biographies, dissertations, and web sites covering Cather's life and works.

Primary Works


(Note: links are to various online versions of the texts. They are not archived locally and may be moved without warning. If the link is not functioning, you may want to try searching the name of the story in a search engine; www.google.com is one of the best.)

This listing includes a chronological listing of her major works, including anthologies and collections published posthumously.

April Twilights. Boston: Richard G. Badger, 1903.

The Troll Garden. [http://www.mostweb.cc/Classics/Cather/troll/] New York: McClure, Phillips and Co., 1905.

Alexander's Bridge. [http://www.mostweb.cc/Classics/Cather/alexander/ ] Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1912.

O Pioneers! [http://www.mostweb.cc/Classics/Cather/opioneer/ ] Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1913.

The Song of the Lark. [http://www.mostweb.cc/Classics/Cather/lark/ ] Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1915.

My Ántonia. [http://digital.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=242] Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1918.

Youth and the Bright Medusa. [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new?id=CatMedu&images=images/modeng&data= /texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public] New York: Knopf, 1920.

One of Ours. [http://www.mostweb.cc/Classics/Cather/ours/ ] New York: Knopf, 1922.

The Lost Lady. New York: Knopf, 1923.

April Twilights and Other Poems. New York: Knopf, 1923.

The Professor's House. [http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/p/pd-modeng/pd-modeng-idx?type= header&idno=CatheProfH] New York: Knopf, 1925.

My Mortal Enemy. New York: Knopf, 1926.

Death Comes for the Archbishop. New York: Knopf, 1927.

Shadows on the Rock New York: Knopf, 1931.

Obscure Destinies. New York: Knopf, 1932.

Lucy Gayheart. New York: Knopf, 1935.

Not Under Forty. New York: Knopf, 1936.

Sapphira and the Slave Girl. New York: Knopf, 1940.

The Old Beauty and Others. New York: Knopf, 1948.

Willa Cather on Writing. New York: Knopf, 1949.

Writings from Willa Cather's Campus Years. Ed. James R. Shively. Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 1950.

Five Stories. New York: Random House, 1956.

Willa Cather in Europe. New York: Knopf, 1956.

Early Stories of Willa Cather. Ed. Mildred R. Bennett. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1957.

Willa Cather's Collected Short Fiction, 1892-1912. Ed. Virginia Faulkner. Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 1965.

The Kingdom of Art: Willa Cather's First Principles and Critical Statements, 1893-1896. Ed. Bernice Slote. Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 1966.

The World and the Parish: Willa Cather's Articles and Reviews, 1893-1902. Ed. William H. Curtin. Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 1970.

Uncle Valentine and Other Stories: Willa Cather's Uncollected Short Fiction, 1915-1929. Ed. Bernice Slote. Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 1973.

Bibliographies


Albertini, Vincent. "Works on Cather 1989-1990: A Bibliographic Essay." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 34.3 (1990): 34-37.

---. "Works on Cather 1990-1991: A Bibliographical Essay." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.4 (1991-92): 35-43.

---. "Works on Cather: Summer '93-Summer '94: A Bibliographic Essay." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.1 (1995): 17-21.

Arnold, Marilyn. Willa Cather: A Reference Guide. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1986.

---. Willa Cather: A Reference Guide, Update 1984-1992. Red Cloud, NE: Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial and Educational Foundation, 1999.

Rosowski, Susan J. "Recent Books on Willa Cather: An Essay Review." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 131-41.

Selected Biographies


Heilbrun, Carolyn G. Women's Lives: The View from the Threshold. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1999.

Lee, Hermione. Willa Cather: A Life Saved Up. New York: Virago, 1989.

---. Willa Cather: Double Lives. New York: Vintage, 1991.

O'Brien, Sharon. Willa Cather: The Emerging Voice. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1987.

Robinson, Phyllis C. Willa: The Life of Willa Cather. New York: Doubleday, 1983.

Sergeant, Elizabeth Shepley. Willa Cather: A Memoir. Athens: Ohio UP, 1992.

Stout, Janis. Willa Cather: The Writer and Her World. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000.

Wagenknecht, Edward. Willa Cather. New York: Continuum, 1994.

Woodress, James Leslie. Willa Cather: A Literary Life. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1987.

Critical Sources and Comparative Studies


The most recent comprehensive, book-length bibliography on Cather is Marilyn Arnold's work, listed above. Arnold has prepared an update volume for 1984-1992, which was published in 1999 by the Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial and Educational Foundation. Unfortunately, this item is not readily available to the public; OCLC shows that only two libraries in the US own the item. Therefore, this section covers materials published from 1984 to the present. Arnold's bibliographies arrange materials by date of publication, but I have chosen to alphabetize by author's last name within the categories of this research guide.

This section includes journal articles and chapters from collections of essays. Book-length works of literary criticism are included if at least a chapter is devoted to Cather. In addition to various special issues of journals dedicated to her work, there are two publications dedicated solely to her: Cather Studies and the Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter.

Abraham, Julie. Are Girls Necessary?: Lesbian Writing and Modern Histories. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Accardo, Annalucia and Alessandro Portelli. "A Spy in the Enemy's Country: Domestic Slaves as Internal Foes." Werner Sollors and Maria Diedrich eds. The Black Columbiad: Defining Moments in African American Literature and Culture. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1994. 77-87.

Acocella, Joan. "Cather and the Academy." New Yorker 27 Nov. 1995: 56-66+.

---. Willa Cather and the Politics of Criticism. Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 2000.

Al-Ghalith, Asad. "Cather's Use of Light: An Impressionistic Tone." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 267-82.

---. "Inroads, Through the Desert: Willa Cather's Reception in Saudi Arabia." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 45.

---. "Willa Cather: Light and the Mystical Journey." International Fiction Review 22.1-2 (1995): 31-36.

---. "Willa Cather's Use of Planetary Light Imagery to Depict Character in Selected Novels." International Journal of Arabic English Studies 1.2 (2000): 289-97.

Albertini, Virgil. "Cather Syllabi: A Study." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.2 (1997): 50-51.

---. "Cather's Lucy Gayheart: A Girl in Motion." Platte Valley Review 19.2 (1991): 37-44.

Alves, Isabel Maria Fernandes. "'To Find a Better Place': Inscriptions of Human Faith in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.1 (1999): 9-13.

Ambrose, Jamie. Willa Cather: Writing at the Frontier. Oxford; New York: St. Martin's, 1988.

Ammons, Elizabeth. "Cather and the New Canon: 'The Old Beauty' and the Issue of Empire." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 256-66.

---. "The Engineer as Cultural Hero and Willa Cather's First Novel, Alexander's Bridge." American Quarterly 38 (Winter 1986): 746-60.

Amos-Bankester, Anthea E. "Teaching My Ántonia: The 'Introductions' and the Impact of Revisions." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 99-109.

Anders, John P. Anders, John P. "Cather as Code." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.2 (1997): 42-43.

---. "Willa Cather: France, and Pierre Loti: A Spirit of Affiliation." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.4 (1995): 15-18.

---. "'Something Soft and Wild and Free': Willa Cather's Sexual Aesthetics." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 244-63.

---. Willa Cather's Sexual Aesthetics and the Male Homosexual Literary Tradition. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1999.

Apthrop, Elaine. "Re-Visioning Captivity: Cather, Chopin, Jewett." Legacy 9.1 (1992): 1-22.

---. "Speaking of Silence: Willa Cather and the 'Problem' of Feminist Biography." Women's Studies 18.1 (1990): 1-11.

Arnold, Marilyn. "The Allusive Cather." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 137-48.

---. "Coming, Willa Cather!" Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 247-60.

---. "'Of human bondage': Cather's Subnarrative in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Mississippi Quarterly 40 (Summer 1987): 323-38.

---. "Poses of the Mind, Paeans of the Heart: Cather's Letters of Life in the Provinces." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 3-17.

---. "Willa Cather's Poor Pitiful Professors." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.4 (1991-92): 43-46.

Aronson, Marilyn A. Carlson. "Plains Goddesses: Heroines in Willa Cather's Prairie Novels." Heritage of the Great Plains 28.2 (1995): 4-16.

Auld, William Thomas. "My Aunt Willie!." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.3 (1997): 78-79.

Baker, Bruce P. "'The Enchanted Bluff': Dream and Disillusion." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 28-33.

---. "'Old Mrs. Harris' and the Intergenerational Family." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 33-40.

---. "Portrait of the Artist by a Young Woman." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.3-4 (1994): 40-42.

---. "Willa Cather's 'Peter': From Anecdote to Narrative." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 34.4 (1991-92): 40-41.

---. "Willa Cather's Uncommon Art." New Criterion 9.1 (1990): 44-52.

Barillas, William. "Placelessness against Place: Willa Cather's Nebraska Novels." Midwestern Miscellany 19 (1991): 20-28.

Begley, Ann. "Remembrance of America Past." American Scholar 62.3 (1993): 455-64.

Beideck-Porn, Lynn R. "A Celebration of Survival Secured: Food in the Narrative of Willa Cather." Kathryn N. Benzel and Lauren Pringle DeLaVars eds. Images of the Self as Female: The Achievement of Women Artists in Re-Envisioning Feminine Identity. Lewiston: Mellen, 1992. 213-25.

Bell, Alice. "The Professor's Marriage." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 117-23.

Bell, Ian F. A. "Newnesses of Beginning: The Violent Phantasies of Willa Cather and F. Scott Fitzgerald." Kristiaan Versluys ed. The Insular Dream: Obsession and Resistance. Amsterdam: VU UP, 1995. 242-60.

---. "Re-Writing America: Origin and Gender in Willa Cather's The Professor's House." Yearbook of English Studies 24 (1994): 12-43.

Bender, Eileen T. "Pioneer or Gadgeteer: Bergsonian Metaphor in the Work of Willa Cather." Midwest Quarterly 28 (Autumn 1986): 130-40.

Benfey, Christopher. "'The Other Side of the Rug': Cather's Narrative Underpinnings." American Literary History 6.1 (1994): 140-54.

Bennett, Mildred R. "At the Feet of Willa Cather: A Personal Account of Edith Lewis as Protector." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 33.3 (1989): 19-22.

Berkove, Lawrence I. "Rollin Mallory Daggett's 'My French Friend'; A Precursor." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 31-34.

Birns, Nicholas. "Aesthetic Disorientation and the Nature of the 'Wagner Matinee'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.1 (1999): 13.

---. "'The Best Years': Cather's Affirmative Nostalgia." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.3 (1997): 74-77.

Boxwell, D. A. "In Formation: Male Homosocial Desire in Willa Cather's One of Ours." Carol Siegel and Ann Kibbey eds. Eroticism and Containment: Notes from the Flood Plain. New York: New York UP, 1994. 285-310.

Brienzo, Gary. "Developments in Cather Scholarship." Platte Valley Review 19.2 (1991): 79-89.

---. "Making an Aristocratic Frontier: Selective History in Willa Cather's Shadows on the Rock." Barbara Howard Meldrum ed. Old West - New West: Centennial Essays. Moscow: U of Idaho P, 1003. 154-62.

Brown, Lady Falls. "'A Poor Man Stinks and God Hates Him': Interpreting Willa Cather's My Mortal Enemy in Light of Thorstein Veblen's The Theory of the Leisure Class." Conference of College Teachers of English Studies 56 (1991): 68-75.

Brown, Muriel. "Growth and Development of the Artist: Willa Cather's My Ántonia." The Midwest Quarterly 33 (Autumn 1991): 93-107.

Brunauer, Dalma H. "The Four Seasons of Marian Forrster." Journal of Evolutionary Psychology 15.1-2 (1994): 54-59.

---. "Teaching Willa Cather in Japan." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.2 (1993): 24-27.

Burgess, Cheryll. "Willa Cather's Homecomings: A Meeting of Selves." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 49-56.

Buss, Helen M. "Willa Cather: Reading the Writer through Biographies and Memoirs."

Cather Studies 4 (1999): 118-43.

Butler, Ronald. "Sexual Imagery in Willa Cather's A Lost Lady." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 33.3 (1989): 35-38.

Callander, Marilyn Berg. "Cather Studies in the Himalayas." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.3 (1999): 61-63.

---. Willa Cather and the Fairy Tale. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1989.

Camacho, Roseanne V. "Whites Playing in the Dark: Southern Conversation in Willa Cather's Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000.

Carden, Mary Paniccia. "Creative Fertility and the National Romance in Willa Cather's O Pioneers! and My Ántonia." Modern Fiction Studies 45.2 (1999): 275-302.

Cardinal, Katy and Ann Romines. "Object Lessons." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 51.

Carlin, Deborah. Cather, Canon, and the Politics of Reading. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1992.

---. "'Someone Young and Teachable': Dimensions of Mentoring in the Fiction of Willa Cather." Irene C. Goldman-Price and Melissa McFarland Pennell eds. American Literary Mentors. Gainesville: UP of Florida, 1999. 131-46.

Carpenter, David A. "Why Willa Cather Revised 'Paul's Case': The Work in Art and Those Sunday Afternoons." American Literature 59 (December 1987): 590-608.

Carruth, Mary C. "Cather's Immortal Art and My Mortal Enemy." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.1 (1996): 17-20.

Caruso, Isabella. "The Impure and the Pure in Cather's Female Artists." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.1 (1999): 5-9.

Casey, Thomas M. "Mariology and Christology in Death Comes for the Archbishop." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.3 (1991): 22-25.

Cherny, Robert W. "Nebraska, 1883-1925: Cather's Version and History's." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 229-51.

Chown, Linda. "'It Came Closer Than That': Willa Cather's Lucy Gayheart." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 118-39.

Cohen, Judith Beth. "Father Martinez: Folk Hero or Dangerous Infidel? Rereading Willa Cather's Death Comes for the Archbishop." Lil Brannon and Brenda M. Greene eds. Rethinking American Literature. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1997. 146-59.

Cousineau, Diane. "Division and Difference in A Lost Lady." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 305-22.

Crammer, Timothy R. "Claude's Case: A Study of the Homosexual Temperament in Willa Cather's One of Ours." South Dakota Review 31.3 (1993): 147-73.

Crow, Charles L. "The Patrimony of Blue Mesa: The Professor's House and Museum Theory." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.3 (1997-98): 53-57.

Cumberland, Debra. "A Struggle for Breath: Contemporary Vocal Theory in Cather's The Song of the Lark." American Literary Realism 28.2 (1996): 59-70.

Cutter, Martha J. Unruly Tongue: Identity and Voice in American Women's Writing. Jackson: U Mississippi P, 1999.

Danker, Kathleen A. "The Passing of a Golden Age in Obscure Destinies." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter34.3 (1990): 24-28.

Dargan, Joan. "A Case of Influence: 'Paul's Case' and Balzac." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 307-18.

Davidson, Marianne. Willa Cather and F. J. Turner: A Contextualization. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitatsverlag, 1999.

Derksen, Ruth. "'Other Ways of Telling': An Exploration of Orality and Literacy in Death Comes for the Archbishop." QWERTY 9 (October 1999): 115-21.

Dickstein, Morris. "The Magic of Contradictions: Willa Cather's Lost Lady." New Criterion 17.6 (1999): 20-31.

Dillman, Richard. "Tom Outland: Emerson's American Scholar in The Professor's House." Midwest Quarterly 25 (Summer 1984): 675-85.

Dollar, J. Gerhard. "Community and Connectedness in A Lost Lady." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 189-94.

---. "Desert Landscapes and the 'Male Gaze': Cather's Death Comes for the Archbishop." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.1 (1998): 6-9.

---. "Misogyny in the American Eden: Abbey, Cather, and Maclean." Michael P. Branch et al eds. Reading the Earth: New Directions in the Study of Literature and Environment. Moscow: U of Idaho P, 1998. 97-105.

---. "Reading the Land, Telling the Story: Desert Landscapes and Narrative Form in Death Comes for the Archbishop and Ceremony." Jon Buscall and Outi Pickering eds. Approaches to Narrative Fiction. Turku, Finland: U of Turku P, 1999. 20-37.

Donovan, Josephine. "The Pattern of Birds and Beasts: Willa Cather and Women's Art." Suzanne W. Jones ed. Writing the Woman Artist: Essays on Poetics, Politics, and Portraiture. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1991. 81-95.

Downs, M. Catherine. Becoming Modern: Willa Cather's Journalism. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna UP, 1999.

---. "Glasgow's Barren Ground and Cather's O Pioneers!: Changing the Paradigm." Southern Quarterly 35.4 (1997): 51-58.

Dubek, Laura. "Rewriting Male Scripts: Willa Cather and The Song of the Lark." Women's Studies 23.4 (1994): 293-306.

Duryea, Polly. "Who's Yehudi?" Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 40-42.

Dyck, Reginald. "The Feminist Critique of Willa Cather's Fiction: A Review Essay." Women's Studies 22.3 (1993): 263-79.

---. "Revisiting and Revising the West: Willa Cather's My Ántonia and Wright Morris' Plains Song." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 25-38.

Edwards, J. Adele. "A Post-Santa Fe Connection." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 34.4 (1991-92): 42-43.

---. "The Song of the Lark on Masterpiece Theatre." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 50.

Eisloeffel, Deborah. "Willa Cather at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.4 (1995): 7-9.

England, Eugene. "Lovers as Mortal Enemies." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 125-31.

Faber, Becky. "A Bibliography on Approaches to Teaching Cather." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 118-30.

Faber, Rebecca J. "Some of His: Cather's Use of Dr. Sweeney's Diary in One of Ours." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.1 (1993): 5-9.

Farr, Cecilia Konchar. "'I Too Am Untranslatable': Failings of Filming O Pioneers!." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 43-45.

Fetterley, Judith. "My Ántonia, Jim Burden, and the Dilemma of the Lesbian Writer." Karla Jay et al eds. Lesbian Texts and Contexts: Radical Revisions. New York: New York UP, 1990. 145-63.

---. "Willa Cather and the Fiction of Female Development." Carol J. Singley and Susan Elizabeth Sweeney eds. Anxious Power: Reading, Writing, and Ambivalence in Narrative by Women. Albany: State U of New York P, 1993. 221-34.

---. "Willa Cather and the Question of Sympathy: An Unofficial Story." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 10-21.

Fischer, Mike. "Pastoralism and Its Discontents: Willa Cather and the Burden of Imperialism." Mosaic 23 (Winter 1990): 31-44.

Fisher-Wirth, Ann. "Love, Work, and Willa Cather." Nancy Owen Nelson ed. Private Voices, Public Lives: Women Speak on the Literary Life. Denton : U of North Texas P, 1995. 11-18.

---. "Out of the Mother: Loss in My Ántonia." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 41-71.

---. "Queening It: Excess in My Mortal Enemy." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.2 (1996): 36-41.

---. "Womanhood and Art in My Ántonia." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 221-27.

Flannigan, John H. "Cather, Merimee, and the Problem of Fanaticism in Shadows on the Rock." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.3-4 (1994): 29-35.

---. "Domenico Cimarosa: A Possible Source for The Professor's House." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.4 (1995): 19-20.

---. "Issues of Gender and Lesbian Love: Goblins in 'The Garden Lodge'." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 23-40.

---. "Thea Kronberg's Vocal Transvestism: Willa Cather and the 'Voz Contralto'." Modern Fiction Studies 40 (1994): 737-63.

---. "Words and Music Made Flesh in Cather's 'Eric Hermannson's Soul'." Studies in Short Fiction 32.2 (1995): 209-16.

Funda, Evelyn. "'The Breath Vibrating Behind It': Intimacy the Storytelling of Ántonia Shimerda." Western American Literature 29.3 (1994): 195-216.

---. "A Chorus of Gossips: Mistaking Invasion for Intimacy in Willa Cather's A Lost Lady." Narrative 7.1 (1999): 89-113.

---. "'Neighbour Rosicky': Ever-Widening Time." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 51-62.

---. "Womanhood Distorted: Mrs. Archie as Thea's Foil in The Song of the Lark." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.2-3 (1995): 30-33.

Frus, Phyllis and Stanley Corkin. "Willa Cather's "Pioneer" Novels and [Not New, Not Old] Historical Reading." College Literature 26.2 (1999): 36-58.

---. "The More Things Change: Canon Revision and of Willa Cather." James C. Raymond ed. English as a Discipline: Or, Is There a Plot in This Play? Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1996. 119-42.

Gelfant, Blanche H. "'Lives' of Women Writers: Cather, Austin, Porter and Willa, Mary, Katherine Anne." Novel 18 (Fall 1984): 64-80.

---. "The Magical Art of Willa Cather's 'Old Mrs. Harris'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 37-50.

---. "'What was it . . . ?': The Secret of Family Accord in One of Ours." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 61-78.

---. "'What Was It . . .?': The Secret of Family Accord in One of Ours." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 85-102.

Gerber, Philip. Willa Cather. New York: Twayne, 1995.

Gervaud, Michel. "Cather's One of Ours: A French Perspective." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 33.3 (1989): 22-26.

Giltrow, Janet and David Stouck. "Lyrical Measures: Cohesion and Sentence Endings in Cather's Prose." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.3 (1991): 11-15.

---. "Willa Cather and a Grammar for Things 'Not Named'." Style 26 (Spring 1992): 91-113.

Goldberg, Jonathan. "Photographic Relations: Laura Gilpin, Willa Cather." American Literature 70.1 (1998): 63-95.

---. "Strange Brothers." Studies in the Novel 28 (Fall 1996): 322-37.

---. Willa Cather and Others. Durham: Duke UP, 2001.

Goodman, Audrey. "The Immeasurable Possession of Air: Willa Cather and Southwestern Romance." Arizona Quarterly 55.4 (1999): 49-78.

Goodman, O.B. "Circling the Wagons." Will Wright and Steven Kaplan eds. The Image of the Frontier in Literature, the Media, and Society: Selected Papers-1997 Conference, Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery, March 13-15, 1997, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Pueblo: U of Southern Colorado, 1997. 205-09.

Greene, George. "A Colloquy with Clio: Willa Cather's Shadows on the Rock." Dalhousie Review 70 (Summer 1990): 219-28.

Griffiths, Frederick T. "The Woman Warrior: Willa Cather and One of Ours." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 261-85.

Grumbach, Doris. "A Study of the Small Room in The Professor's House." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 327-45.

Gustafson, Neil. "Getting Back to Cather's Text: The Shared Dream in O Pioneers!" Western American Literature 30.2 (1995): 151-62.

---. "On Being Geographically Correct about Catherland." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.1 (1995): 21-23.

Halac, Dennis. "Ever So True: Willa Cather & T. G. Masaryk." New Criterion 12.3 (1993): 36-40.

Hall, Joan Wylie. "Cather's 'Deep Foundation Work' Reconstructing 'Behind the Singer Tower'." Studies in Short Fiction 26 (Winter 1989): 81-86.

---. "Dead Dogs at Homecoming: A Homeric Motif in My Ántonia." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 33.1 (1989): 5-6.

---. "Jim Burden's 'Useful Commencement Present': The Umbrella Scenes in My Ántonia." Notes on Modern American Literature 10.2 (1989): 2-8.

---."Nordic Mythology in Willa Cather's 'The Joy of Nelly Deane'." Studies in Short Fiction 26 (Summer 1989): 339-41.

Haller, Evelyn. "'Behind the Singer Tower': Willa Cather and Flaubert." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 39-54.

---. "Death Comes for the Archbishop: A Map of Intersecting Worlds." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter34.3 (1990): 15-21.

---. "Willa Cather and Women's Art." Nebraska Humanist 11 (1989): 46-56.

Hallgarth, Susan A. "The Woman Who Would Be an Artist in The Song of the Lark and Lucy Gayheart." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 169-173.

Hamner, Eugenie Lambert. "The Unknown, Well-Known Child in Cather's Last Novel." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 347-57.

Harbison, Sherrill. "Sigrid Undset and Willa Cather: A Friendship." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.3 (1999): 53-58.

Hardin, Michael. "The Song of the Lark and A Lost Lady: The Evolution of Lark into Woodpecker." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.2 (1997): 43-46.

Harrell, David. "The Family Affair at Mesa Verde." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 281-87.

---. From Mesa Verde to The Professor's House. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1992.

Harris, Jeane. "Aspects of Athene in Willa Cather's Short Fiction." Studies in Short Fiction 28 (Spring 1991): 177-82.

---. "A Code of Her Own: Attitudes toward Women in Willa Cather's Short Fiction." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 81-89.

Harris, Richard C. "First Loves: Willa Cather's Niel Herbert and Ivan Turgenev's Vladimir Petrovich." Studies in American Fiction 17 (Spring 1989): 81-91.

---. "Willa Cather and Pierre Charron on Wisdom: The Skeptical Philosophy of Shadows on the Rock." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 66-79.

---. "Willa Cather, J. W. N. Sullivan, and the Creative Process." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.2 (1993): 21-24.

Hart, Sue. "My Great-Grandmother in Cather's Pages." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 183-88.

Harvey, Sally Peltier. Redefining the American Dream. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1995.

He, Zhongxiu. "Poverty as Myra's Mortal Enemy." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.3 (1991): 29-32.

Helvie, Sherri. "Willa Cather and Brandon Teena: The Politics of Passing." Women and Language 20 (Spring 1997): 35-40.

Hilgart, John. "Death Comes for the Aesthete: Commodity Culture and the Artifact in Cather's The Professor's House." Studies in the Novel 30.3 (1998): 377-404.

Holbling, Walter. "Open Spaces to Narrow Minds: Soil, Soul, & Intellect in Recent U.S. Writing." North Dakota Quarterly 60.1 (1992): 147-60.

Holmes, Catherine D. "Jim Burden's Lost Worlds: Exile in My Ántonia." Twentieth Century Literature 45.3 (1999): 336-46.

---. "Lost in the Dollhouse: Space and Gender in A Lost Lady." Postscript 12 (1995): 23-31.

Holstein, Suzy Clarkson. "'Stayin' with the Lan': Midwest, Migration and Metaphor." Midamerica 24 (1997): 46-52.

Holtz, William. "Willa Cather and Floyd Dell." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 34-36.

Hoover, Sharon. "Chatting with Willa Cather While Kneading Bread." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.2 (1998): 35-38.

---. "Reflections of Authority and Community in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 238-55.

---. "The 'Wonderfulness' of Thea Kronborg's Voice." Western American Literature 30.3 (1995): 257-74.

Horwitz, Howard. "O Pioneers! and the Paradox of Property: Cather's Aesthetics of Divestment." Prospects: An Annual Journal of American Cultural Studies 13 (1988): 61-93.

Howarth, William. "Ego or Eco Criticism? Looking for Common Ground." Michael P. Branch et al eds. Reading the Earth: New Directions in the Study of Literature and Environment. Moscow: U of Idaho P, 1998. 3-8.

Humphrey, Mary Jane. "'The White Mulberry Tree' as Opera." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 51-66.

Iannone, Carol. "Willa Cather's New York." Modern Age 42.4 (2000): 192-98.

Irving, Katrina. "Displacing Homosexuality: The Use of Ethnicity in Willa Cather's My Ántonia. Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 91-102.

Jacobs, John. "Willa Cather, Francis Parkman, and the Idea of Progress." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.3 (1999): 64-67.

Jacobs, Wilbur R. "Willa Cather and Francis Parkman: Novelistic Portrayals of Colonial New France." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 253-64.

Jenkins, Bill. "The Accidental Professor: The Kierkegaardian Aesthetic in Willa Cather's The Professor's House." North Dakota Quarterly 63.1 (1996): 129-41.

Jinghua, Cao. "Marian Forrester, Cather's Fictional Portrayal of the Modernist Self." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.1 (1995): 12-16.

Joslin, Katherine. "Finding the Self at Home: Chopin's The Awakening and Cather's The Professor's House." Lynda S. Boren and Sara deSaussure Davis eds. Kate Chopin Reconsidered: Beyond the Bayou. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 1992. 166-79.

Karell, Linda K. "Safe Space and Storytelling: Willa Cather's Shadows on the Rock." Tomoko Kuribayashi and Julie Tharp, eds. Creating Safe Space: Violence and Women's Writing. Albany: State U of New York P, 1997. 147-62.

Karush, Deborah. "Bringing Outland Inland in The Professor's House: Willa Cather's Domestication of Empire." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 144-71.

Kaye, Frances W. Isolation and Masquerade: Willa Cather's Women. New York: Peter Lang, 1992.

Kephart, Christine. "'He Turned Off the Lights': A Study of Darkness in My Mortal Enemy." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.3-4 (1994): 36-39.

Keppel, Tim. "Truth and Myth in Willa Cather's My Mortal Enemy and Katherine Anne Porter's Old Mortality." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.1 (1996): 20-24.

Kim, Young Soo. "Willa Cather's Changing Approach to Sentimental Characters." Journal of English Language and Literature 37.4 (1991): 955-72.

Kirschke, James J. Willa Cather and Six Writers from the Great War. Lanham, NY: UP of America, 1991

Kort, Amy. "Coming Home from Troy: Cather's Journey into Pessimism in My Mortal Enemy." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.2-3 (1995): 38-41.

Kort, Betty. "A 'Reading' of the Nebraska State Capitol: The Cather/Alexander Connection." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 10-27.

Kotani, Koji. "The Sacred Ántonia and Jim Burden's Ideological Perspective in My Ántonia." Studies in English Language and Literature 43 (1993): 165-66.

Krieg, Joann P. "'Eve's Name Reversing': The Virgin as Second Eve in Willa Cather." Selected Papers on Medievalism 1-2, I (1986-87): 33-43.

Kundu, Gautam. "Inadvertent Echoes or 'An Instance of Apparent Plagiarism'? Cather's My Ántonia, A Lost Lady and Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby." Etudes Anglaises 51.3 (1998): 325-27.

Kvasnicka, Mellanee. "Anything a Woman Can Be: Women's Roles in My Ántonia." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 110-17.

---. "Fragmented Families, Fragmented Lives in 'Paul's Case,' My Ántonia, and A Lost Lady." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 103-08.

---. "Miss Cather, English Teacher." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.1 (1997): 8-13.

Laird, David. "Willa Cather's Women: Gender, Place, and Narrativity in O Pioneers! and My Ántonia." Great Plains Quarterly 12.4 (1992): 242-53.

Laird, Roy D. "My Father - Claude Wheeler?" Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.2-3 (1995): 45-47.

Larsen, Lance. "Cather's Controversial Portrayal of Martinez." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 275-80.

LaSeur, Carrie Lowry. "The Allusive World of The Song of the Lark." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.3 (1997): 57-62.

Leddy, Michael. "'Distant and Correct': The Double Life and The Professor's House." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 182-96.

---. "Observation and Narration in Willa Cather's Obscure Destinies." Studies in American Fiction 16 (Autumn 1988): 141-53.

---. "The Professor's House and the Professor's Houses." Modern Fiction Studies 38 (1992): 444-54.

---. "The Professor's House: The Sense of an Ending." Studies in the Novel 23 (Winter 1991): 443-51.

Lee, Hermione. "Cather's Bridge: Anglo-American Crossings in Willa Cather." Ann Massa and Alistair Stead eds. Forked Tongues? Comparing Twentieth-Century British and American Literature. London: Longman, 1994. 38-56.

Levy, Helen Fiddyment. "Mothers and Daughters in 'The Bohemian Girl' and The Song of the Lark." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 163-68.

Lewis, Linda M. "Cather's A Lost Lady and Flaubert's Madame Bovary: Re-Envisioning Romanticism." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 33.3 (1989): 31-35.

Lindemann, Marilee. "Fear of a Queer Prairie: Figures of the Body and/as the Nation in Willa Cather's Early Fiction." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.2 (1998): 30-35.

---. Willa Cather, Queering America. New York: Columbia UP, 1999.

---. "Willa's Case." Harvard Gay and Lesbian Review 3.1 (1996): 20-22.

Lloyd, Joanne. "Lucy Gayheart: Sounds and Silences." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.4 (1995): 20-23.

Loges, Max. "Jim's Changing Perception of Ántonia in Willa Cather's My Ántonia." Mount Olive Review 6 (1992): 122-26.

Lucenti, Lisa Marie. "Willa Cather's My Ántonia: Haunting the Houses of Memory." Twentieth Century Literature 46.2 (2000): 193-213.

---. "Willa Cather's The Professor's House: Sleeping with the Dead." Texas Studies in Literature and Language 41.3 (1999): 236-61.

Madigan, Mark J. "An Autobiographical Scene in Shadows on the Rock." ANQ July 1988: 103-4.

---. "From the Prairie to the Pulps: The Cather-Thompson Connection." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.3 (1997): 70-71.

Marcus, Lisa. "'The Pull of Race and Blood and Kindred': Willa Cather's Southern Inheritance." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 98-119.

Martin, Terence. "'Grande Communications avec Dieu': The Surrounding Power of Shadows on the Rock." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 31-50.

Maxfield, James F. "Strategies of Self-Deception in Willa Cather's Professor's House." Studies in the Novel 16 (Spring 1984): 72-86.

Mayberry, Susan Neal. "A New Heroine Marriage: Willa Cather's O Pioneers!" Old Northwest: A Journal of Regional Life and Letters 16.1 (1992): 37-59.

McCann, Sean. "The Ambiguous Politics of Politicizing, or De-Politicizing, the Aesthetic." Amitava Kumar ed. Poetics/Politics: Radical Aesthetics for the Classroom. New York: St. Martin's, 1999. 39-70.

McComas, Dix. "Willa Cather's One of Ours: In Distant Effigy." Legacy 14.2 (1997): 93-109.

McDonald, Joyce. The Stuff of Our Forebears: Willa Cather's Southern Heritage. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1998.

McElhiney, Annette Bennington. "Willa Cather's Use of a Tripartite Narrative Point of View in My Ántonia." CEA Critic 56.1 (1993): 65-76.

McGiveron, Rafeeq O. "From a 'Stretch of Grey Sea' to the 'Extent of Space': The Gaze Across Vistas in Cather's The Professor's House." Western American Literature 34.4 (2000): 389-408.

McKenzie, Marilyn Mobley. "'The Dangerous Journey': Toni Morrison's Reading of Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 83-89.

Messitt, Holly. "The Internal Gaze: 'Coming, Aphrodite!' and the Panopticon." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 34-37.

Meyering, Cheryl. A Reader's Guide to the Short Stories of Willa Cather. New York: GK Hall, 1994.

Micale, Jennifer. "The Walls of Uruk: Cather's The Professor's House, the Universal Hero, and The Epic of Gilgamesh." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.3 (1999): 67-73.

Michaels, Walter Benn. Our America: Nativism, Modernism, and Pluralism. Durham: Duke UP, 1995.

Middleton, Jo Ann. "Cather Bibliographical Essay for Works Published in 1995." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.2 (1997): 36-40.

Mignon, Charles W. "Cather's Copy of Death Comes for the Archbishop." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 172-86.

Miller, Robert K. "Strains of Blood: Myra Driscoll and the Romance of the Celts." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 169-77.

---. "What Margie Knew." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 133-37.

Miller, Paul W. "Anti-Heroic Theme and Structure in Midwestern World War I Novels from Cather to Hemingway." Midamerica 23 (1996): 99-108.

---. "Willa Cather, Sherwood Anderson-and Ivan Turgenev." Midamerica 24 (1997): 80-89.

Miller, Robert K. "American Scholars: Cather, Mencken, and Godfrey St. Peter." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 36-40.

---. "'A Race without Consonants': My Mortal Enemy as Reconstruction Narrative." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 120-29.

Millington, Richard H. "Against Allegory: Re-Imagining Cather's Modernism." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.2 (1998): 44-46.

---. "Where Is Cather's Quebec? Anthropological Modernism in Shadows on the Rock." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 23-44.

---. "Willa Cather and The Storyteller: Hostility to the Novel in My Ántonia." American Literature 66 (1994): 689-717.

Morgenstern, Naomi E. "'Love is home-sickness:' Nostalgia and Lesbian Desire in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Novel 29.2 (Winter 1996): 184-205.

Morrow, Nancy. "Willa Cather's A Lost Lady and the Nineteenth Century Novel of Adultery." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 287-303.

Moseley, Ann. "Concentric Texts in The Professor's House." Western American Literature 31.1 (1996): 35-47.

---. "'The Hero Within': Heroic Archetypes in Shadows on the Rock." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 97-117.

---. "A New World Symphony: Cultural Pluralism in The Song of the Lark and My Ántonia." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.1 (1995): 7-12.

---. "Spatial Structures and Forms in The Professor's House." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 197-211.

Motley, Warren. "The Unfinished Self: Willa Cather's O Pioneers! and the Psychic Cost of a Woman's Success." Women's Studies 12.2 (1986): 149-65.

Murphy, Christina. "Mythopoeic Consciousness and the Structure of Willa Cather's Death Comes for the Archbishop." North Dakota Quarterly 55.2 (1987): 99-105.

Murphy, David. "Jeich Antonie: Czechs, the Land, Cather, and the Pavelka Farmstead." Great Plains Quarterly 14.2 (1994): 85-106.

Murphy, John J. "An American Tradition in 'The Enchanted Bluff' and 'Before Breakfast'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 47-51.

---. "Cather and Hawthorne: Kindred Spirits." John L. Idol, Jr. and Melinda M. Ponder eds. Hawthorne and Women: Engendering and Expanding the Hawthorne Tradition. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1999. 217-25.

---. "The Cather Enterprise: The Last Dozen Years." Max Westbrook ed. Updating the Literary West. Fort Worth: Western Literature Association, 1997. 658-69.

---."Coming of Age and Domesticating Space in the Wilderness: Roberts's The Great Meadow and Cather's Shadows on the Rock." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 33.3 (1989): 26-31.

---. "The Faith Community in Death Comes for the Archbishop." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 311-19.

---. "Filters, Portraits, and History's Mixed Bag: A Lost Lady and The Age of Innocence." Twentieth Century Literature 38 (Winter 1992): 476-85.

---. "Gilt Diana and Ivory Christ: Love and Christian Charity in My Mortal Enemy." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 67-99.

---. "The Modernist Conversion of Willa Cather's Professor." Aliki Barnstone et al eds. The Calvinist Roots of the Modern Era. Hanover: UP of New England, 1997. 53-72.

---. My Ántonia: The Road Home. Boston: Twayne, 1989.

---. "O'Connor's Vision and Cather's Fiction." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 180-88.

---. " On the Precipice of a Caesura: Death Comes for the Archbishop and Vatican II." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.3 (1991): 25-29.

---. "Paradisiacal Nebraska - 'The Best Years'." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 34-40.

---. "Shadows on the Rock, Maria Chapdelaine, and the Old Nationalism." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.1 (1995): 1-6.

---. "The Third Chapter of 'Sampson Speaks to the Master'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.1 (1993): 9-10.

---. "Willa Cather and the Literature of Christian Mystery." Religion and Literature 24.3 (1992): 39-56.

---. "Willa Cather's City of God: Shadows on the Rock." Literature and Belief 15 (1995): 119-35.

Murphy, Joseph. "Cather's Re-Vision of American Typology in My Ántonia." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 213-19.

Nealon, Christopher. "Affect-Genealogy: Feeling and Affiliation in Willa Cather." American Literature 69 (March 1997): 5-37.

Nettels, Elsa. "'Aeneas at Washington' and The Professor's House: Cather and the Southern Agrarians." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville, VA : UP of Virginia, 2000. 170-79.

---. "Gender and First-Person Narration in Willa Cather's Fiction." Jeanne Campbell Reesman ed. Speaking the Other Self: American Women Writers. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1997. 165-75.

---. Language and Gender in American Fiction: Howells, James, Wharton and Cather. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1997.

---. "Tradition and the Woman Artist: James's The Tragic Muse and Cather's The Song of the Lark." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 27-31.

---. "Wharton and Cather." American Literary Scholarship n.v. (1999): 119-32.

---. "Youth and Age in the Old and New Worlds: Willa Cather and A. E. Housman." Cather Studies 4 (1999):284-93.

Newman, Shelley. "No Place Like Home: Reading Sapphira and the Slave Girl against the Great Depression." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 54-64.

Newstrom, Scott L. "Saying 'Goodnight' to 'Lost' Ladies: An Inter-textual Interpretation of Allusions to Hamlet's Ophelia in Cather's A Lost Lady and Eliot's 'The Waste Land'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.2-3 (1995): 33-37.

O'Brien, Sharon. "Becoming Noncanonical: The Case against Willa Cather." American Quarterly 40 (March 1988): 110-26.

---. "Combat Envy and Survivor Guilt: Willa Cather's 'Manly Battle Yarn'." Helen Cooper et al eds. Arms and the Woman: War, Gender, and Literary Representation. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1989. 184-204.

---. "Feminist Biography as Shaped Narrative: Telling Willa Cather's Stories." A-B: Autobiography Studies 8.2 (1993): 258-70.

---. New Essays on My Ántonia. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge UP, 1999.

Oehlschlaeger, Fritz. "Indisponibilité and the Anxiety of Authorship in The Professor's House." American Literature 62 (March 1990): 74-86.

---. "Willa Cather's 'Consequences' and Alexander's Bridge: An Approach through R. D. Laing and Ernest Becker." Modern Fiction Studies 32 (1986): 191-202.

Ostwalt, Conrad. "Boundaries and Marginality in Willa Cather's Frontier Fiction." Kiyoshi Tsuchiya ed. Dissent and Marginality: Essays on the Borders of Literature and Religion. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1997. 102-14.

Packer, Trevor D. "Dutch Genre Painting and Sacramental Symbolism in Shadows on the Rock." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.1 (1993): 11-14.

Page, Philip. "The Theatricality of Willa Cather's 'Paul's Case'." Studies in Short Fiction 28 (Fall 1991): 553-57.

Palleau-Papin, Françoise. "The Hidden French in Cather's English." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 45-65.

---. "A Parisian Views Cather's Southwest Illustrating Willa Cather." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.1 (1997): 2-3.

---. "The Subversive Language of Flowers in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.2-3 (1995): 41-44.

Panichas, George A. "Growing Wings to Overcome Gravity." Modern Age 34 (Spring 1992): 194-202.

Paniccia-Carden, Mary. "Creative Fertility and the National Romance in Willa Cather's O Pioneers! and My Ántonia." Modern Fiction Studies 45.2 (1999): 275-302.

Pannill, Linda. "Willa Cather's Artist-Heroines." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 223-32.

Parasuram, Laxmi. "Prairie Vision as Creative Memory in Willa Cather's Novels." Isaac Sequeira and R.S. Sharma eds. Closing of the American Frontier: A Centennial Retrospect, 1890-1990. Hyderabad, India: American Studies Research Centre, 1994. 89-93.

Pastourmatzi, Donna. "Willa Cather and the Cult of Masculinity." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.4 (1995): 2-14.

Peck, Demaree. "'Possession granted by a different lease': Alexandra Bergson's Imaginative Conquest of Cather's Nebraska." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 5-22.

Peterman, Michael. "In Pursuit of 'Aristocracy of the Spirit': Willa Cather and Roberston Davies." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.2 (1996): 44-50.

Petrie, Paul R. "'Skulking Escapist' versus 'Radical Editor': Willa Cather, the Left Critics and Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Southern Quarterly 34.2 (1996): 27-37.

Petry, Alice Hall. "Caesar and the Artist in Willa Cather's 'Coming, Aphrodite!'." Studies in Short Fiction 23 (Summer 1986): 307-14.

Phillips-Heim, Christiane. "Willa Cather's Prairie: The Encroaching of the Author's Personal Landscapes on Her Early Novels." Winnifred M. Bogaards ed. Literature of Region and Nation: Proceedings of the 6th International Literature of Region and Nation Conference, 2-7 August 1996. Saint John, New Brunswick: U of New Brunswick, 1998. 406-18.

Pitcher, Edward W. R. "Willa Cather's 'Paul's Case' and the Faustian Temperament." Studies in Short Fiction 28 (Fall 1991): 543-52.

Pollard, Tomas. "Political Silence and Hist'ry in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 38-53.

Price, Michael W. "Epicurus in Hamilton: St. Peter's Contemplative Retirement to the Attic Study and Garden in The Professor's House." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 264-83.

Quantic, Diane Dufva. The Nature of Place: A Study of Great Plains Fiction.

---. "The Unifying Thread: Connecting Place and Language in Great Plains Literature." American Studies 32 (Spring 1991): 67-83.

Quirk, Tom. "The Moral Geography of Death Comes for the Archbishop in the Shallow Light of the Present." Essays in Arts and Sciences 24 (1995): 47-61.

Rabin, Jessica G. "Camelot, Back Creek and Sweet Water: Arthurian Archetypes and Southern Sensibility in Willa Cather's A Lost Lady." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.2 (1998): 39-44.

Ramonda, Karen Stevens. "Three in One Woman in 'Old Mrs. Harris'." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 175-181.

Reynolds, Guy. "The Ideology of Cather's Catholic Progressivism: Death Comes for the Archbishop." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 1-30.

---. Willa Cather in Context: Progress, Race, Empire. New York: St. Martin's, 1996.

Rimmasch, Kristy. "Flux and Friendship: Impressionism in 'Two Friends'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 24-28.

Robertson, R. M. "Disinterring the 'Scandal' of Willa Cather: Youth and the Bright Medusa." Criticism 32 (Fall 1990): 485-509.

Romines, Ann. "After the Christmas Tree: Willa Cather and Domestic Ritual." American Literature 60 (March 1988): 61-82.

---. "Her Mortal Enemy's Daughter: Cather and the Writing of Age." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 100-14.

---. The Home Plot: Women Writers and Domestic Ritual. Amherst: U Massachusetts P, 1992.

---. "The Little House and the Big Rock: Wilder, Cather, and the Problem of Frontier Girls." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.2 (1997): 25-32.

---. "The Professor and the Pointed Firs: Cather, Jewett, and the Problem of Editing." Karen L. Kilcup and Thomas S. Edwards eds. Jewett and Her Contemporaries: Reshaping the Canon. Gainesville: UP of Florida, 1999. 153-66.

---.. "Sapphira and the Slave Girl: The Daughters' Plot." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 155-62.

---. "Willa Cather and the Coming of Old Age." Texas Studies in Language and Literature 37 (Winter 1995): 394-413.

Romines, Ann, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000.

Rosowski, Susan J. "Adaptations of O Pioneers! in the Classroom: Novel, Play, and Film." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 131-45.

---. Birthing a Nation: Gender, Creativity, and the West in American Literature. Lincoln: U Nebraska P, 1999.

---. "Cather's Manifesto for 'Coming, Aphrodite'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 51-56.

---. "The 'Guilty Enjoyments' of a Library: Willa Cather's Idea of a Book." Nebraska Library Association Quarterly 21.2 (1990): 28-32.

---. The Place of Literature and the Cultural Phenomenon of Willa Cather. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1998.

---. "Prospects for the Study of Willa Cather." Resources for American Literary Study 22.2 (1996): 147-65.

---. "Prototypes for Willa Cather's Flavia and Her Artists: The Canfield Connection." ANQ 23 (May/June 1985): 143-45.

---. "Rewriting the Love Plot Our Way: Women and Work." Nancy Owen Nelson ed. Private Voices, Public Lives: Women Speak on the Literary Life. Denton : U of North Texas P, 1995. 29-38.

---. "Willa Cather's Chosen Family: Fictional Formations and Transformations." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 67-78.

---. "Willa Cather's Ecology of Place." Western American Literature 30.1 (1995): 37-51.

---. "Willa Cather's Female Landscapes: The Song of the Lark and Lucy Gayheart." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 233-46.

---. "Willa Cather's Visions and Revisions of Female Lives." Kathryn N. Benzel and Lauren Pringle DeLaVars eds. Images of the Self as Female: The Achievement of Women Artists in Re-Envisioning Feminine Identity. Lewiston: Mellen, 1992. 107-17.

---. "Writing Against Silences: Female Adolescent Development in the Novels of Willa Cather." Studies in the Novel 21 (Spring 1989): 60-77.

Rosowski, Susan J., Charles Mignon, Kari Ronning, and Frederick M. Link. "Editing Cather." Studies in the Novel 27 (Fall 1995): 387-400.

Rosowski, Susan J. and Bernice Slote. "Willa Cather's 1916 Mesa Verde Essay: The Genesis of The Professor's House." Prairie Schooner 58 (Winter 1984): 81-92.

Ryan, Maureen. "No Woman's Land: Gender in Willa Cather's One of Ours." Studies in American Fiction 18 (Spring 1990): 65-75.

Ryan, Steven P. "'Snake Root': Latour's Descent into Hell in Death Comes for the Archbishop." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.2 (1997): 33-36.

---. "'A World above the World': Transcendence in Cather's Fiction." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter34.3 (1990): 28-34.

Ryder, Mary R. "Henry Colbert, Gentleman: Bound by the Code." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 130-37.

---. "Loosing the Tie That Binds: Sisterhood in Cather." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 41-47.

---. "'Our' Ántonia: The Classical Roots of Willa Cather's American Myth." Classical and Modern Literature 12.2 (1992): 111-17.

---. "Sinclair Lewis and Willa Cather: The Intersection of Main Street with One of Ours." James M. Hutchisson ed. Sinclair Lewis: New Essays in Criticism. Troy: Whitston, 1997. 147-61.

Ryerson, Ned. "From the Tree House." Women's Studies 11.3 (1984): 359-68.

Saari, Rob. "'Paul's Case:'A Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 301.81." Studies in Short Fiction 34.3 (1997): 389-95.

Salas, Angela M. "Willa Cather's Sapphira and the Slave Girl: Extending the Boundaries of the Body." College Literature 24 (June 1997): 97-108.

Salda, Michael N. "What Really Happens in Cather's 'Paul's Case'?" Studies in Short Fiction 29 (Winter 1992): 113-19.

Saposnik Noire, Shelley. "The Silent Protagonist: The Unifying Presence of Landscape in Willa Cather's My Ántonia." Midwest Quarterly 31 (Winter 1990): 171-79.

Sato, Hiroko. "Willa Cather in Japan." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.3 (1991): 32-33.

Schaefer, Josephine O'Brien. "The Great War and 'This Late Age of World's Experience' in Cather and Woolf." Mark Hussey ed. Virginia Woolf and War: Fiction, Reality, and Myth. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 1991. 134-50.

Schlenz, Mark. "Rhetorics of Region in Starry Adventure and Death Comes for the Archbishop." David Jordan ed. Regionalism Reconsidered: New Approaches to the Field. New York: Garland, 1994. 65-85.

Schubnell, Matthias. "The Decline of America: Willa Cather's Spenglerian Vision in The Professor's House." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 92-117.

---. "The Farmer as Cultural Model: Neighbor Rosicky's American Dream." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 41-50.

Schwind, Jean. "The Benda Illustrations to My Ántonia: Cather's 'Silent' Supplement to Jim Burden's Narrative." PMLA 100 (January 1985): 51-67

---. "The 'Beautiful' War in One of Ours." Modern Fiction Studies 30 (Spring 1984): 53-71.

---. "This Is a Frame-Up: Mother Eve in The Professor's House." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 72-91.

Seaton, James. "The Prosaic Willa Cather." The American Scholar 67 (Winter 1997): 146-50.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. "Across Gender, Across Sexuality: Willa Cather and Others." The South Atlantic Quarterly 88 (Winter 1989): 53-72.

Seguin, Robert. "Ressentiment and the Social Poetics of The Great Gatsby: Fitzgerald Reads Cather." Modern Fiction Studies 46.4 (2000): 917-40.

Sell, Patricia. "Marian Forrester's 'Fine Play-Acting'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.2 (1991): 5-8.

Shafer-Riha, Donna. "Through a Glass Darkly: Reflections of Paul Robeson's Othello in Willa Cather's Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 31-36.

Shanley, J. Lyndon. "Willa Cather's Fierce Necessity." Sewanee Review 102 (Fall 1994): 620-30.

Shaw, Patrick W. "Marek Shimerda in My Ántonia: A Noteworthy Medical Etiology." ANQ 13.1 (2000): 29-33.

---. "My Ántonia: Emergence and Authorial Revelations." American Literature 56 (1984): 527-40.

---. "Victorian Rules and Left Bank Rebellion: Willa Cather and Gertrude Stein." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 23-27.

---. Willa Cather and the Art of Conflict. Troy, NY: Whitston, 1992.

Sherf, Mark. "The Unreliable Narrator and Political Reality in 'Two Friends'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 40-42.

Shively, Steven B. "'A Full, Perfect, and Sufficient Sacrifice': Eucharistic Imagery in Cather's The Song of the Lark." Literature and Belief 14 (1994): 73-86.

---. "An Interdisciplinary Approach to 'Neighbour Rosicky'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.3-4 (1994): 39-40.

---. "'Neighbor Rosicky': Lessons in Language." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 63-74.

Skaggs, Merrill. After the World Broke in Two: The Later Novels of Willa Cather. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1990.

---. "Cather's Complex Tale of a Simple Man, 'Neighbour Rosicky'." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 79-83.

---. "Cather's Use of Parkman's Histories in Shadows on the Rock." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 140-55.

---. "Death Comes for the Archbishop: Cather's Mystery and Manners." American Literature 57 (October 1985): 395-406.

---. "A Glance into The Professor's House: Inward and Outward Bound." Renascence 39 (Spring 1987): 422-28.

---. "The Interlocking Works of Willa Cather and Ellen Glasgow." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 158-69.

---. "Key Modulations in Cather's Novels about Music." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 39.2-3 (1995): 25-30.

---. "Shadows on the Rock: Cather's Miracle Play." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter34.3 (1990): 21-24.

---. "Sleeping in Nebraska: Additional Seminar Reflections." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.2 (1993): 20-21.

---. "Teaching 'Old Mrs. Harris'." Nebraska English Journal 37.1 (1991): 75-84.

---. "Thefts and Conversation: Cather and Faulkner." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 115-36.

---. "Willa Cather's Death Comes for the Archbishop and William Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury." Faulkner Journal 13.1-2 (1997-98): 89-99.

---. "Willa Cather's Influence on Katherine Anne Porter's 'He'." Southern Quarterly 34.2 (1996): 23-26.

Stanley, Roger. "The Efficacy of Grace in O'Connor and Cather." John J. Murphy et al eds. Flannery O'Connor and the Christian Mystery. Provo: Brigham Young UP, 1997. 259-70.

Steinhagen, Carol. "Dangerous Crossings: Historical Dimensions of Landscape in Willa Cather's My Ántonia, The Professor's House, and Death Comes for the Archbishop." Isle: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment 6.2 (1999): 63-82.

Sten, Christopher. "City of Pilgrims: Willa Cather's Washington." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.2 (1998): 25-29.

Stich, Klaus P. "The Professor's House: Prohibition, Ripe Grapes, and Euripides." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 225-44.

---. "Woman as Enemy: Willa Cather's 'The Marriage of Phaedra'." Modern Language Studies 24.2 (1994): 38-47.

Stouck, David. "The Professor's House and the Issues of History." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 201-11.

---. "Willa Cather and Cultural Studies." College Literature 24.3 (1997): 164-68.

---. "Willa Cather's Canada: The Border as Fiction." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 7-22.

Stillwell, Mary K. "From Isolation to Community: Crossing the Frontier from A Lost Lady and The Stone Angel to the Storyteller's Embrace." Will Wright and Steven Kaplan eds. The Image of the Frontier in Literature, the Media, and Society: Selected Papers-1997 Conference, Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery, March 13-15, 1997, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Pueblo: U of Southern Colorado, 1997. 189-93.

Stout, Janis P. "Autobiography as Journey in The Professor's House." Studies in American Fiction 19 (Autumn 1991): 203-15.

---. "Behind 'Reflections on Willa Cather': Katherine Anne Porter and the Dilemmas of Literary Sisterhood." Legacy 14.2 (1997): 110-22.

---. "Katherine Anne Porter's 'Reflections on Willa Cather': A Duplicitious Homage." American Literature 66.4 (1994): 719-35.

---. "The Making of Willa Cather's One of Ours: The Role of Dorothy Canfield Fisher." War, Literature and the Arts: An International Journal of the Humanities 11.2 (1999): 48-59.

---. "Playing in the Mother Country: Cather, Morrison, and the Return to Virginia." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 189-95.

---. "Re-Studying Cather: Historicist and Historical Scholarship." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 42-44.

---. "Remembering Trilby: Willa Cather and the Unwilling Singer." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.1 (1998): 10-12.

---. Strategies of Reticence: Silence and Meaning in the Works of Jane Austen, Katherine Porter, Willa Cather and Joan Didion. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1990.

---. Through the Window, Out the Door: Women's Narratives of Departure, from Austen and Cather to Tyler, Morrison, and Didion. U Alabama P, 1998.

---. "Willa Cather and Mary Austin: Intersections and Influence." Southwestern American Literature 21.2 (1996): 39-59.

---. "Willa Cather and Oliver LaFarge's Laughing Boy." Southwestern American Literature 25.2 (2000): 31-37.

---. Willa Cather: The Writer and Her World. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000.

---. "Willa Cather's Early Journalism: Gender, Performance, and the 'Manly Battle Yarn'." Arizona Quarterly 55.3 (1999): 51-82.

Strout, Cushing. "A Dark Wood in the Middle of the Journey: Willa Cather and Lionel Trilling." Sewanee Review 105 (Summer 1997): 381-94.

Strychacz, Thomas. "A Note on Willa Cather's Use of Edgar Allan Poe's "The Pit and the Pendulum" in The Professor's House." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 57-60.

Sullivan, Peter M. "Willa Cather's German Connections: 'Uncle Valentine' and Wertherian Wandering." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 319-29.

---. "Willa Cather's New York German Friends and Her Novels: A Biographical Note." Nassau Review 6.5 (1994): 95-100.

---. "Willa Cather's Pittsburgh German Friends and Literary Connections." Nassau Review 7.2 (1996): 19-33.

Summers, Claude J. "'A losing game in the end': Aestheticism and Homosexuality in Cather's 'Paul's Case'." Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 103-19.

Swift, John N. "Narration and the Maternal 'Real' in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Legacy 9.1 (1992): 23-34.

---. "A Nebraska 'Mummy' and a Poem: One Source for Mother Eve." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.1 (1999): 14-15.

---. "'The Old Beauty' and Maternal Purity." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 17-24.

---. "Willa Cather's My Ántonia and the Politics of Modernist Classicism." Jean Pickering and Suzanne Kehde, eds. Narratives of Nostalgia, Gender, and Nationalism. New York: New York UP, 1997. 107-20.

Synnott, Kevin A. "Conflicting Communities and Cather's Artists: The Absorbing Vision." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 291-99.

---. "Defining Community in 'Jack-a-Boy' and 'The Best Years'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 41-45.

---. "Painting 'The Tricks That Shadows Play': Impressionism in Lucy Gayheart." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 37-39.

Tanner, Stephen L. "The Deeper Role of Gender Conflict in The Professor's House." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 109-15.

Tellefsen, Blythe. "Blood in the Wheat: Willa Cather's My Ántonia." Studies in American Fiction 27.2 (1999): 229-44.

Thacker, Robert. "Alice Munro's Willa Cather." Canadian Literature 134 (Autumn 1992): 42-57.

---. "Four 'New' Cather Letters to Annie Fields at the Huntington Library." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 285-91.

Thomas, Clara. "Portraits of the Artist: Thea Kronborg and Margaret Laurence's Morag Gunn." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 35.3 (1991): 15-19.

Tisdale, Judy Jones. "Working Women on the Frontier: Capitalism and Community in Three Willa Cather Novels." Will Wright and Steven Kaplan eds. The Image of the Frontier in Literature, the Media, and Society: Selected Papers-1997 Conference, Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery, March 13-15, 1997, Colorado Springs, Colorado. Pueblo: U of Southern Colorado, 1997. 177-84.

Titus, Mary. "Cather's Creative Women and DuMaurier's Cozy Men: The Song of the Lark and Trilby." Modern Language Studies 24.2 (1994): 27-37.

Toby, Michelle Bollard. "'There Is Something Wrong about the Fellow:' Willa Cather's 'Paul's Case'." Anne Hunsaker Hawkins and Marilyn Chandler McEntyre eds. Teaching Literature and Medicine. New York: Modern Language Association, 2000. 252-59.

Trout, Steven. "Willa Cather's One of Ours and the Iconography of Remembrance." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 187-204.

Trowse, Nadeane. "Willa Cather's Condition: Disease, Doctors, and Diagnoses as Social Action." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 205-24.

Tsien, Jean. "'The Heart of Another Is a Dark Forest': A Reassessment of Professor St. Peter and His Wife." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.1 (1999): 1-5.

Turek, Angela Christine. "Black and White: A Reflection on 'Paul's Case'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.2 (1997): 46-47.

Urgo, Joseph R. "Destinations and Admonitions: Willa Cather's Obscure Destinies." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.2 (1996): 29, 31-34.

---. "'Dock Burs in Yo' Pants': Reading Cather through Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 24-37.

---. "How Context Determines Fact: Historicism in Willa Cather's A Lost Lady." Studies in American Fiction 17 (Autumn 1989): 183-92.

---. Willa Cather and the Myth of American Migration. Urbana: U Illinois P, 1995.

Vardamis, Alex. "Two Hands: Colette's 'The Hand' and Cather's 'Neighbour Rosicky'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.3-4 (1994): 35-36.

Wald, Gayle. "Race, Labor, and Domesticity in Cather's Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 90-95.

Wallace, Cindy. "A Self-Reflective Sympathy: Willa Cather's 'Paul's Case'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.1 (1997): 13-15.

Warner, Ted J. "Death Comes for the Archbishop: A Novel Way of Making History." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 265-73.

Warwick, Susan J. "'Writ in Rememberance': Willa Cather, Margaret Laurence, and the Prairie Past." Canadian Woman Studies/Les Cahiers des la Femme 8.3 (1987): 35-37.

Wasserman, Loretta. "Alexander's Bridge: 'The Other' First Novel." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 294-306.

---. . "Cather in the Mainstream." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.4 (1995): 23-24.

---. "Cather in the Mainstream #5." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 45-46.

---. "Cather's Semitism." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 1-22.

---. "Going Home: 'The Sculptor's Funeral,' 'The Namesake,' and 'Two Friends'." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 57-62.

---. "Is Cather's Paul a Case?" Modern Fiction Studies 36 (Spring 1990): 121-29.

---. "The Music of Time: Henri Bergson and Willa Cather." American Literature 57 (May 1985): 226-39.

---. "Sapphira and the Slave Girl: Willa Cather vs. Margaret Mitchell." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38:1 1994): 1-15.

---. "Two Tributes to Cather." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.3 (1997): 73-74.

---. "Willa Cather's 'The Old Beauty Reconsidered'." Studies in American Fiction 16 (Autumn 1988): 217-27.

Wasserman, Loretta and Mildred R. Bennett. "Friends of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.1 (1997): 5-7.

Wheeler, Kathleen. "Modernist" Women Writers and Narrative Art. New York: New York UP, 1994.

Wiesenthal, C. Susan. "Female Sexuality in Willa Cather's O Pioneers! and the Era of Scientific Sexology: A Dialogue between Frontiers." Ariel 21 (January 1990): 41-63.

Williams, Deborah Lindsay. "Cather, Woolf and the Two Mrs. Ramsays." College English 61.1 (1998): 29-40.

---. "Hiding in Plain Sight: Willa Cather and Ghostwriting." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 43.2 (1999): 25-31.

---. "Losing Nothing, Comprehending Everything: Learning to Read Both the Old World and the New in Death Comes for the Archbishop." Cather Studies 4 (1999): 211-39.

---. "Threats of Correspondence: The Letters of Edith Wharton, Zona Gale, and Willa Cather." Studies in American Fiction 25 (Autumn 1997): 211-39.

Wilson, Matthew. "Willa Cather's Godfrey St. Peter: Historian of Repressed Sensibility?" College Literature 21 (June 1994): 63-74.

Winters, Laura. "My Mortal Enemy: Willa Cather's Ballad of Exile." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 36.3 (1992): 31-34.

Wolff, Cynthia Griffin. "The Artist's Palette: Early Cather." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 40.1 (1996): 9-14.

---. "Dressing for the Part: (What's) The Matter with Clothes." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 198-220.

---. "New Cather Biographical Data: 'Valentine' Sentiments." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.3 (1997-98): 60-62.

---. "Time and Memory in Sapphira and the Slave Girl: Sex, Abuse, and Art." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 212-37.

Woodress, James. "A Dutiful Daughter: Willa Cather and Her Parents." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 19-31.

---. "A Note on One of Ours." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 37.1 (1993): 4.

---. "Willa Cather and Alphonse Daudet." Cather Studies 2 (1993): 156-66.

Woolley, Paula. "'Fire and Wit': Storytelling and the American Artist in Cather's My Ántonia." Cather Studies 3 (1996): 149-81.

Wussow, Helen. "Language, Gender and Ethnicity in Three Fictions by Willa Cather." Women and Language 18 (Spring 1995): 52-5.

Yaeger, Patricia. "White Dirt: The Surreal Racial Landscapes of Willa Cather's South." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 138-55.

Ying, Hsiao-ling. "From Depression to Epiphany: The Psychological Journey of St. Peter in Willa Cather's The Professor's House." Studies in Language and Literature 106 (1998): 85-101.

Yongue, Patricia. "For Better and for Worse: At Home and at War in One of Ours." John J. Murphy et al eds. Willa Cather: Family, Community, and History. Provo: Brigham Young U, 1990. 141-53.

Yoshikawa, Mako. "'A Kind of Family Feeling about Nancy': Race and the Hidden Threat of Incest in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Ann Romines, ed. Willa Cather's Southern Connections: New Essays on Cather and the South. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 2000. 75-82.

Zettsu, Tomoyuki. "Slavery, Song, and the South: Cather's Refiguration of Stowe and Foster in A Lost Lady." Arizona Quarterly 52.2 (1996): 87-104.

Zhu, Li. "Race, Place and Language: The Southern Idiom in Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 41.3 (1997-98): 72-75.

Zhu, Li and Tim Bintrim. "The Chinese Connection: Cather and Pittsburgh's Chinatown." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 42.1 (1998): 1-5.

Zitter, Emmy Stark. "Making Herself Born: Ghost Writing and Willa Cather's Developing Autobiography." Biography 19.3 (1996): 283-301.

---. "The Unfinished Picture: Willa Cather's 'The Marriage of Phaedra'." Studies in Short Fiction 30 (Spring 1993): 153-60.

---. Willa Cather and Classical Myth: The Search for a New Parnassus. Lewiston: Mellen, 1990.

---. "Willa Cather's Early Naturalism: 'A Death in the Desert'." Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial Newsletter 38.3 (1994): 29-31.

Dissertations

As noted above, Marilyn Arnold's Willa Cather: A Reference Guide covers materials through 1984. Therefore, this section covers dissertations completed from 1984 to the present.

Al-Ghalith, Asad Mohammed. "The Function of Light Imagery in the Fiction of Willa Cather." Diss. West Virginia U, 1984.

Albers, Christina Edna. "The Guardian Male Figure in Selected Novels of Hawthorne, James, Howells, Wharton, Cather, and Hemingway." Diss. U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1989.

Anders, John Piland. "'Only the Feeling Matters:' Willa Cather's Sexual Aesthetics." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1993.

Apthorp, Elaine Sargent. "The Artist at the Family Reunion: Visions of the Creative Life in the Narrative Technique of Willa Cather, Sarah Orne Jewett, Mary Wilkins Freeman, and Dorothy Canfield Fisher." Diss. U of California, Berkeley, 1987.

Bagley, Mary Carol. "The Making and Disintegration of an American Myth in Willa Cather's Works: O Pioneers!, My Ántonia, The Song of the Lark, One of Ours, Lucy Gayheart, and The Troll Garden." Diss. Saint Louis U, 1994.

Basinski, Michael Douglas. "Ethnicity and the Prairie Fiction of Hamlin Garland, Willa Cather and O. E. Rolvaag." Diss. State U of New York, Buffalo, 1995.

Bauer, Bette B. "Passion and Form: Narrative Strategies and Women's Spiritual Journeys." Diss. U of Oregon, 1996.

Bayless, Margaret Ann. "Willa Cather's Duplicity in Telling a Woman's Story." Diss. U

of Oregon, 1992.

Bell, Alice. "Through the Professor's Window: Reading Willa Cather's Novel

Demeuble." Diss. U of Minnesota, 1987.

Bjornsson, Nina Gudrun. "Aliens Within: Immigrant, the Feminine, and American National Narrative." Diss. U of Arizona, 1999.

Brienzo, Gary William. "To the Northeast: The Quiet Center of Willa Cather's Art and Life." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1990.

Brown, Mary Ruth Cox. "A Pilgrim's Progress toward Faith: Willa Cather's Quest for

the 'Thing Not Named'." Diss. Oklahoma State U, 1989.

Brown, Virginia Verle. "Willa Cather and the Southern Genteel Tradition." Diss. Texas Tech U, 1990.

Bryson, Tracy L. "Telling It Slant: Perspective Relocation in Novels by Twain, Wharton, Cather and Roth." Diss. Purdue U, 1999.

Burgess, Cheryll Ann. "Out-of-Doors: Representations of Nature in Sarah Orne Jewett, Willa Cather, and Eudora Welty." Diss. Cornell U, 1991.

Busch, Beverly Gail. "The Nature and Extent of the Influence of Sarah Orne Jewett on

Willa Sibert Cather." Diss. Drew U, 1986.

Callander, Marilyn Berg. "Willa Cather's Use of Fairy Tales." Diss. Drew U,

1987.

Carey, Delecia Seay. "Resisting the Readings: New Feminist Interpretive Strategies for Cather, Wharton, and Fauset." Diss. Michigan State U, 1993.

Carlin, Deborah Sue. "Reading Willa Cather: Problems and Poetics in the Late Fiction." Diss. Harvard U, 1988.

Caruso, Isabelle Tumbarello. "The Mirror and the Muse: A Psychocritical Study of Willa Cather's Artist-Heroine Thea Kronborg in The Song of the Lark." Diss. New York U, 1988.

Caspersen, Barbara Morris. "The Flowering of Desire: Willa Cather and the Sources of Miracle." Diss. Drew U, 1990.

Collins, Jeanne Cooke. "'A Green Thought in a Green Shade:' The Garden Motif in

Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss. U of Northern Colorado, 1989.

Cramer, Timothy Robert. "Out West: Sexual Borderlands and the Literature of the West." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1996.

Davies, Kathleen. "The Goddess in the Landscape: A Tradition of Twentieth Century

American Women's Pastoral." Diss. Indiana U, 1992.

Davis, Nancy Jane. "The Interaction of Literature and the Visual Arts in the Fiction of Willa Cather." Diss. St. John's U, 1994.

Dayton, Nancy Cheryl. "Re-Visioning and Re-Membering Four American Women Novelists and Their Imaginative Search for American Identity." Diss. Miami U, 1996.

DeFoe, Gerard Francis. "Liquor and Learning: Temperance and Education in Lydia Sigourney, David Belasco, and Willa Cather." Diss. State U of New York at Stony Brook, 2000.

Dineen, Barbara. "Knee-Deep in the Thing Not Named: Willa Cather, Her Critics, and

Her Novels." Diss. Washington U, 1991.

Doherty, Amy Frances. "Reading American Self-Fashioning: Cosmopolitanism in the Fiction of Maria Crisina Mena, Willa Cather, and Nella Larsen." Diss. Tufts U, 1999.

Dore, Florence Weiler. "Literary Unspeakability and Obscenity Law: The Feminization of Identity in the Novels of Dreiser, Cather, Faulkner and Wright." Diss. U of California at Berkeley, 1999.

Downs, M. Catherine. "Becoming Modern: Willa Cather's Journalism." Diss. U of

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1996.

Durham, Marilyn Leimbach. "History, Women and Cultural Transmission in the Work of Willa Cather." Diss. U of Wisconsin at Madison, 1992.

Duryea, Polly Patricia. "Paintings and Drawings in Willa Cather's Prose: A Catalogue Raisonné." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1993.

Dyck, Reginald Bryan. "Social Construction in the Midwest Fiction of Willa Cather, Wright Morris and William H. Gass." Diss. U of Washington, 1991.

Eichhorn, Jill E. "Working Bodies, Working Minds: The Domestic Politics of American Women in Labor, 1890-1940." Diss. Miami U, 1994.

Elliott, Mary Josephine. "The Intelligence of a Nation: Mark Twain, Willa Cather, and Theodore Dreiser in the Age of Andrew Carnegie." Diss. Boston College, 1997.

Faber, Rebecca J. "'All the World Seemed Touched with Gold': Willa Cather and One of Ours." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1995.

Faulkner, Carol. "Putting Down the Rebellion: The Narrative Repression of Class in Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss. U of Oregon, 1993.

Fessler, Paula F. "Willa Cather and John Milton: The Search for Paradise." Diss. U of

Nebraska, 1995.

Funda, Evelyn. "'Every Word Counted for Twenty': Storytelling and Intimacy in Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1994.

Geis, Edward Warren. "Beyond the Great Divide: American Fiction and Ecology in the Conservation Age." Diss. U of Utah, 1999.

Godfrey, Kathleen. "Visions and Re/Visions of the Native Americans." Diss. Arizona State U, 1998.

Graf, Nanette Hope. "The Evolution of Willa Cather's Judgment of the Machine and the Machine Age in Her Fiction." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1991.

Gustafson, Neil. "Getting Back to Their Texts: A Reconsideration of the Attitudes of Willa Cather and Hamlin Garland toward Pioneer Life on the Midwestern Agricultural Frontier." Diss. U of Hawaii, 1995.

Gwin, Minrose Clayton. "The Peculiar Sisterhood: Black and White Women of the Old South in American Literature." Diss. U of Tennessee at Knoxville, 1984.

Hackett, Robin Michelle. "Sapphic Primitivism in Modern Fiction: Virginia Woolf's The Waves, Sylvia Townsend Warner's Summer Will Show, and Willa Cather's Sapphira and the Slave Girl." Diss. City U of New York, 2000.

Hanson, Debbie Ann. "Setting the White Bear Right: Willa Cather's Use of Folk Narratives in 'O Pioneers!,' 'My Ántonia,' and 'Shadows on the Rock'." Diss. U of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1990.

Harbison, Sherrill Martin Rood. "Sigrid Undset and Willa Cather: Literary Correspondences." Diss. U of Massachusetts, 1996.

Harvey, Sally Elizabeth Peltier. "Willa Cather: Redefining the American Dream." Diss.

U of California at Davis, 1992.

Harrell, James David. "From the Mesa Verde to 'The Professor's House'." Diss. U of New Mexico, 1990.

Hokom, Matthew Lowell. "Willa Cather and Ralph Waldo Emerson: A Literary Conversation." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1999.

Hoover, Sharon. "Willa Cather: The Authority of Female Storytelling." Diss. State U of New York at Buffalo, 1992.

Hosey, Heidi K. "Differential Feminisms: A Synergic Introduction to Feminist Literary Theories." Diss. Indiana U of Pennsylvania, 1996.

Huntsinger-Hacker, Jami L. "Building a Cathedral of Alienation: A Study of Despair in Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss. U of New Mexico, 1997.

Jespersen, Thora Christine. "Engendering Adventure: Men, Women, and the American 'Frontier,' 1880-1927." Diss. Rutgers U, 1997.

Karell, Linda Kay. "Literary Borderlands and Unsettling Stories: Storytelling and

Authority in Willa Cather, Mary Austin, Mourning Dove, and Zora Neale Hurston." Diss.

U of Rochester, 1994.

Karush, Deborah. "Innocent Voyages: Fictions of U.S. Expansion in Cather, Stevens and Hurston." Diss. Yale U, 1996.

Kebarle, Karen Jeannette. "Muse and Audience in the Work of Willa Cather." Diss. U

of California at Berkeley, 1995.

Kramb, Marie Annette. "Maternal Responsibility in Turn-of-the-Century Novels by American Women: Power, Resistance, Revision." Diss. U of Notre Dame, 1996.

Kvasnicka, Mellanee. "Education in the Parish/Preparation for the World: The Educational Tradition in the Life and Works of Willa Cather." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1997.

Lindemann, Marilee. "Women Writers and the American Romance: Studies in Jewett

and Cather." Diss. Rutgers U, 1991.

Lisberger, Joann Carrie. "Violence and the Lost Maternal: Problems of Sacrifice, Biblical Authority, and Feminine Desire in Narrative." Diss. Boston U, 1991.

Littenberg, Marcia Brazina. "Through a Lens of Sympathy: Landscape and Tradition in the Fiction of Stowe, Jewett, and Cather." Diss. State U of New York at Stony Brook, 1990.

Lucenti, Lisa Marie. "Telling Subjects: Narrative and Subjectivity in the Fiction of Virginia Woolf, Isak Dinesen, and Willa Cather." Diss. State U of New York at Buffalo, 1998.

MacDonald, Phyllis Black. "The Composed Image: The House and the Garden in the Fiction of Willa Cather." Diss. West Virginia U, 1986.

Marsh, Elizabeth Hardaker. "Willa Cather and Ralph Waldo Emerson: The Individual in Nature and History." Diss. Drew U, 1991.

McComas, Dix. "The Unrecalled Past: Nostalgia and Depression in the Middle Novels of Willa Cather." Diss. U of Massachusetts, 1997.

McDonald, Joyce Schanbacher . "The Incommunicable Past: Willa Cather's Pastoral Modes and the Southern Literary Imagination." Diss. Drew U, 1994.

McDonough, Marie Hassett. "A Hermeneutic Study of the Educational Theories of Willa Cather." Diss. Indiana State U, 1995.

McLendon, Mary Jane. "'That Indefinable Something:' The Role of Passion and Desire

in the Works of Willa Cather." Diss. U of Kansas, 1992.

Messina, Lynn Marie. "Trains of Thought: The Railroad and Consciousness in Selected Works by Hawthorne, James, and Cather." Diss. City U of New York, 1997.

Middleton, Jo-Ann. "Willa Cather and the Fine Reader: A Study of Cather's Techniques

and Use of the Void in the Evocation of Reader Response." Diss. Drew U,

1988.

Mierendorf, Constance C. "Southwest Indian Art in Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss.

U of Nebraska, 1986.

Milowski, Carol Porterfield. "Revisioning the American Frontier: Mary Hallock Foote, Mary Austin, Willa Cather, and the Western Narrative." Diss. Indiana U of Pennsylvania, 1996.

Moore, Kathleen Muller. "Visuality, Perception, and the Self in Works by Edith Wharton, Willa Cather, and Sarah Orne Jewett." Diss. U of California at Riverside, 1998.

Morrison, Elisabeth Shaw. "Inenius Devices: Engineering Fictions and American Technophilia, 1900-1940." Diss. U of Illinois, 1999.

Ostwalt, Conrad Eugene, Jr. "The Secularization of American Space: The Fiction of Willa Cather and Theodore Dreiser." Diss. Duke U, 1987.

Pastourmatzi, Donna A. "Shaking the Pillars of Patriarchy: A Gender Analysis of Willa Cather's Nebraska and Colorado Novels." Diss. Bowling Green State U, 1989.

Payne, Margaret Marie. "'Our Obligation to Memory': Home Environment, Public Service and Feminism in the Works of Jane Addams, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Willa Cather." Diss. U of Oklahoma, 1999.

Peck, Demaree Catherine. "'Possession Granted by a Different Lease:' The Artist as Imaginative Claimant in Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss. U of Virginia, 1990.

Peterson-Gerstner, Janet. "'I Am Nature Too:' Portrayals of Women Artists in the Novels of Phelps, Glasgow, Austin and Cather." Diss. Arizona State U, 2000.

Petrie, Paul Russell. "'Conscience and Purpose:' The Legacy of Howellsian Social Commitment in American Fiction." Diss. U of Connecticut, 1997.

Petty-Schmitt, Chapel L. "Patterns in Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss. U of New Mexico, 1990.

Rabin, Jessica G. "Surviving the Crossing: (Im)Migration, Ethnicity and Gender in Trans-National America." Diss. Emory U, 2000.

Robertson, Marcia Louise. "Stowe, Jewett, and Cather: The Development of a Fiction of Place." Diss. Washington U, 1988.

Ross, Linda Hughson. "To Sanctify the World: Skyscapes in the Fiction of Wilder,

Guthrie, and Cather." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1992.

Ryan, Steven Patrick. "'A World of Twilight and Miracles:' Mircea Eliade's Religious

Man in the Fiction of Willa Cather." Diss. U of Texas at Austin, 1993.

Ryder, Mary Ruth. "Willa Cather and the Classics." Diss. U of Illinois at

Urbana-Champaign, 1988.

Salas, Angela Marie. "The Uses of Absence in Selected Novels by Edith Wharton, Willa Cather, Toni Morrison and Anne Tyler." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1995.

Savelson, Kim Anne. "The End of Culture: The Collision of Practicality and Aesthetics in 20th-Century American Literature and Thought." Diss. Brandeis U, 1998.

Schlenz, Mark Allen. "Rhetorics of Regionalism: Bioregional Narrative, Ecological Cosmopolitanism, and Persuasions of Place in the Fiction of Mary Austin and Willa Cather." Diss. U of California at Santa Barbara, 1994.

Schwind, Jean Denise. "Pictorial Art in Willa Cather's Fiction." Diss. U of

Minnesota, 1984.

Seivert, Debra J. "Resounding Voices: Willa Cather's Literary Braiding of Robert Louis Stevenson, James M. Barrie, and Edgar Allan Poe." Diss. U of Nebraska, 2000.

Selker, Marlene Gisela. "'Between the Old World and the New': National Myths in the Writings of Willa Cather and Thomas Mann." Diss. Texas Tech U, 1996.

Sheahan, Mary Theresa. "Living on the Edge: The Ecology and Economy of Willa Cather's 'Wild Land': Webster County, Nebraska, 1870-1900." Diss. Northern Illinois U, 1999.

Shively, Steven B. "Finding Her Way: Willa Cather's Poetics of Religious Expression." Diss. U of Nebraska, 1997.

Shubik, Valerie Reid. "Willa Cather: An Emersonian Angel of Vision." Diss. U

of Nebraska, 1986.

Smedshammer, Michael Oren. "Modern Writers in New Mexico: Charles Lummis, Oliver La Farge, D. H. Lawrence, Willa Cather, and the Quest for Purpose and Place in the Southwest." Diss. U of New Mexico, 1998.

Smith-Hawkins, Elaine Yvonne. "Ideals and Imagination in the Novels of Willa Cather."

Diss. Ohio State U, 1984.

Snitzer, Maria Fernandez. "Telling the Lives of Kate Chopin, Edith Wharton, and Willa Cather: The Effects of Social Change and Ideology upon Literary Biography." Diss. Saint Louis U, 1993.

Stevens. Diane Prenatt. "Willa Cather and the Art of Civilization." Diss. Indiana

U, 1989.

Thralls, Charlotte. "Point of View in Prose Fiction: The Interaction of Narrators and

Narratees." Diss. Purdue U, 1985.

Tisdale, Judy Jones. "Positive Images of Capitalism in Western American Literature: Working Women in Selected Works by Willa Cather, Mary Hunter Austin, and Gertrude Atherton." Diss. U of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1999.

Turner, Elizabeth A. "The Poetics of 'the Thing Not Named:' Willa Cather's Tradition of Silence." Diss. U of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1994.

Vrydaghs, Carol Marlene. "Willa Cather's Odyssey of the Soul: Sex, Spirit, and Society

in Her Vision." Diss. Indiana U, 1989.

Warwick, Susan Jane. "Telling Tales: Voice, Time and Image in the Fiction of Margaret

Laurence and Willa Cather." Diss. York U, 1984.

White, Heather Cass. "Dazzling Clarity: Figures of Style in Marianne Moore, Willa Cather, and Elizabeth Bishop." Diss. Cornell U, 1998.

Wicker, Kent William. "Landscapes of Authenticity: Locating the Self in Jewett, Wister, and Cather." Diss. Duke U, 1993.

Wiggins, Mary Lynda. "Ascending Selves and Diminished 'Others': Elitist Individualism in the Works of Willa Cather." Diss. U of Colorado at Boulder, 1994.

Williams, Deborah Lindsay. "Not in Sisterhood: Edith Wharton, Zona Gale, Willa Cather, and the American Woman Writer Re-Defined." Diss. New York U, 1995.

Wilson, Jane Elizabeth. "Women Writers of the American Plains: Willa Cather, Mari Sandoz, and Tillie Olsen." Diss. U of Georgia, 1999.

Winter, Laura G. "Giving the Land a Voice: The Demands of Multiple Landscapes in Five Cather Novels." Diss. Drew U, 1991.

Wood, Jane Marie. "Gauging the Internal Barometer: Social Class and the Formation of Identity in Wharton, Cather, and Allison." Diss. U of Kansas, 1999.

Wurzel, Nancy Rebecca. "Gender and Myth: Willa Cather's Affirmative Modernism." Diss. U of South Carolina, 1993.

Yuvajita, Phachee. "The Changing Images of Women in Western American Literature as Illustrated in the Works of Willa Cather, Hamlin Garland, and Mari Sandoz." Diss. U of Oregon, 1986.

Zitter, Emmy Stark. "Making Herself Born: Biography in Story and Subtext in the Works of Willa Cather." Diss. U of Rochester, 1993.

Web Sites


As one might expect, the World Wide Web includes many pages devoted to Willa Cather. I used Google and NorthernLight to locate a number of useful sites. Evaluation is necessary with Internet resources, of course, and many of the pages located are not suitable for research. Some web authors do little to no citation of sources, while other web sites are brief reports of class projects from elementary schools on up through college. To see the whole range of sites available, visit Google (www.google.com).

These sites are active as of August 2001, but please remember that web sites may disappear, change address or change sponsors without warning.

Willa Cather Pioneer Memorial and Educational Foundation

http://willacather.org/

The official organization provides a wealth of information about Cather, the memorial, and Red Cloud.

Willa Cather Archive

http://www.libfind.unl.edu/Cather/cather.htm

Maintained by the University of Nebraska, this site provides links to Cather's writings, biographical information and images.

Willa Cather

http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/

Provides a timeline of events with links to more information.

Willa Cather

http://icg.harvard.edu/~cather/

Maintained by Harvard University, this page provides links to information about Cather, including events, biography, quotations and publications.

Willa Cather - PAL: Perspectives in American Literature- A Research and Reference Guide.

http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap7/cather.html (June 5, 2001).

An excellent, scholarly site maintained by Paul P. Reuben.

Sources Consulted

Arnold, Marilyn. Willa Cather: A Reference Guide. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1986.

Dissertation Abstracts (First Search)

Humanities Index (WilsonWeb)

MLA International Bibliography (Silver Platter/WebSpirs)

OCLC (First Search)

guide published: September 7, 2001